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The goals and importance of the research included :
1- Preparing similar performance exercises to develop some defensive moves for handball players under the age of 18
2- Identifying the effect of exercises similar to the performance on the defensive moves of the research sample
The research included two hypotheses:
1- There are statistically significant differences between the pre and post tests and in favor of the post test for the experimental and control groups in the defensive movements tests of the research sample.
2- There are statistically significant differences between the physical tests in the defensive movements tests of the experimental and control groups of the research sample.
In the theoretical chapter, the researcher touched on topics related to the title of the research and similar studies. Where the researcher selected the research community by the intentional method, and they are the players of the education teams in Baghdad, represented by (First Rusafa and Second Rusafa) in handball, whose ages range from (16-17) years for the season (2022-2023) in handball, and their number reached (40) players, and the players were excluded Who exceeded the age specified in the research, which is (4) players, in addition to excluding the goalkeepers, who are (4) guards, as well as excluding the players on whom reconnaissance experiments were conducted, which are (4) players, and thus the research sample became (28) players and they were divided By drawing lots into two groups with (14) players from the second Rusafa breeding team to represent the experimental group and (14) players for the first Rusafa breeding team to represent the control group from the research community, whose number is (116) players representing the Baghdad teams distributed over (6) training centers in Baghdad and the percentage of the research sample is from the community of origin (34.48%). The researcher treated the variables (height, mass, training age, chronological age) by means of the torsion coefficient for the purpose of achieving homogeneity. Experimental research
As for the conclusions, the researcher reached several points, the most important of which are :
1-The exercises (similar to the skillful performance) carried out by the experimental group achieved a positive development in all the defensive skills of the handball players under the age of 18 years.
2-The exercises (similar to the skillful performance) led to the emergence of a clear development in the defensive handball skills between the pre and post tests.
As for the recommendations, the researcher recommended the following points:
1- Adopting exercises (similar to skillful performance) in developing defensive handball skills for being successful and effective.
2- Work on benefiting from the results of the current study to improve the level of defensive skills in handball
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